3D - PRINTING
Chalmers University of Technology is working in collaboration with other institutions on the «Would Wood» research. Would Wood is an innovation project exploring the architectural potentials of additive manufacturing with cellulose based materials: 3D-printing with timber at full scale. The project taps into industrial residual streams from the forest industry in order to provide sustainable new solutions for the architecture and construction industry, as well as the vehicle industry. Furthermore, it explores the expressive and performative aspects of additive manufacture, as applied in current and near future design solutions.
Studios have been run in the university with main goal of finding new way of using the material. With C-hive, it is going to be use as the main structure. The processus include to focus on the joinery of the house elements and inclusion of building parts (windows, doors, technics...).
STUDIO FALL 2019
The masterstudio Material and Detail investigates the interaction between material and detail in a project that is conducted on a digital platform and constructed in full scale. This year the studio is working on additive manufacturing with cellulose based biopolymers using extruders mounted on robotic arms, in collaboration with the Would Wood Innovation project.
The design investigation concerns the design of contextualized architectural elements forming parts or slices of a small scale building. The final 3D-printed fullscale model is shown at this exhibition, along with all the produced designs and models from phase 1 and 2, showing the overall process of the Material and Detailstudio.
The first phase, a 3 week workshop, includes several intrinsical parts of the fabrication method chosen for the course. Limitations of the machines making different types of printing possible, how toolpath manipulation can define and texturize a geometry and lastly the geometry itself and its relations to its surroundings. The workshop also aims to introduce specific workflows and methods that prepares the student for working with an additive fabrication method, using a combination of point cloud manipulation, boolean operations, direct modelling, and figurative assessment to initialize the design process.
Phase 2 is based around a design competition with the ultimate purpose of selecting one design concept/project that we collectively will realize and exhibit in full scale. The aim is to use lightweight construction for roof top buildings based around the rules of the Solar Decathlon Europe 2021. The building system that is going to be proposed have to The task is to develop a building system based around additive manufacturing in cellulose manifested in a sectional chunk of a building with a defined exteriority and an interiority. Finishing of surfaces, joints, deep surface, texturing, method of assembly of the elements need to be worked on.
The rooftop extension is imagined as a multitude of cells organized around a central courtyard. The material used is cellulose in order to have a light structure that could be 3D printed and easily added onto the rooftop without having to reinforce the foundations. Looking up from the street, passers-by would only get a peek of the inside structure through some playful openings in the curtain-like facade. From the inside, a lattice structure would fill the cells to create different spatial qualities, furniture, and better acoustics.
STUDIO FALL 2020
More coming soon...
With the studio "Material and Detail" happening in fall 2020, the students have developed projects with construction principles for the 3D printed method. The basic elements of construction were studied (walls, floors, roofs...) and integration of other elements, like stairs have also been researched. Here you can see some of the results that will be developed in C-hive.